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The Basics

Before carrying out any surgical procedure, your doctor will have carefully considered the alternatives and concluded that surgery is the optimal solution for you to have a healthier life in the long run.

Why Surgery?

There are many reasons you may need to have surgery:

  • Perhaps you have a problem that can be treated by surgery, such as knee pain or a heart condition
  • Maybe your doctor has discovered that there’s something that needs removing, such as gallstones
  • Or your doctor might want to explore or confirm a diagnosis through surgery, for example with a biopsy

My Surgical Companion Brochure

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Types of surgery

There are different types of surgery:

Open surgery

Involves several large cuts to the skin to allow the surgeon access to the affected tissue or organ.

Keyhole surgery

Is minimally invasive, and involves inserting surgical instruments through very small cuts to the skin.


Relies on the use of magnifying instruments to carry out the procedure.

Your hospital stay

If your procedure is minor and minimally invasive, you will likely be arriving and leaving the hospital or your doctor’s practice on the same day, without needing to stay overnight, i.e. as an outpatient.

If you are having more extensive and invasive surgery, you will need to stay in the hospital as an inpatient after your procedure; your doctor will explain to you how long for they expect this will last.

Before your surgery

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